Sex education is an integral part of any child’s upbringing. Its lack can lead to many negative consequences and harm the mental and physical health of a person.
But you don’t have to tell everything at once. Information should be expanded and deepened as children grow older. What should children of different ages know?
From 2 to 4 years
Correct names of all parts of the body, including the genitals. It helps to report injuries, discomfort, violence. And gives the understanding that all organs are normal. Understand that you can study your body, but it is important to know where and when it is appropriate.
From 4 to 6
Basics of reproduction: sperm and egg merge, the child grows in the uterus.Know that no one can touch the body without permission and no one should ask to touch or look at the genitals (except parents and the doctor in special cases). Learn to ask before touching someone (hug, pat). Understand when it is appropriate to be naked. Wash the genitals yourself.
From 6 to 8
Understand basic social norms: privacy and respect for others. Have the ability to safely use gadgets and the Internet. Know the rules of communication with strangers and the consequences of sharing intimate photos. Information about childbearing should be expanded: discuss sexual intercourse and other ways to get pregnant.
From 9 to 12
Have information about contraception, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted infections. Know about the changes in the body during puberty, the importance of hygiene and self-care during this period. Understand: being a teenager is not the same as being sexually active. Distinguish between good and bad relationships. Have complete information about online security, including cyberbullying and sexting. He is critical of information in the media and how social networks shape the body.
From 13 to 18
Know everything about menstruation and pollution. Learn the rules of safe sex: how alcohol and drugs affect the adequacy of decision-making. Understand the difference between a healthy and a sick relationship. Know what the concept of consent is and how it is expressed. Distinguish between manipulation, pressure, and violence. Be able to negotiate and have methods to end the relationship.