What is 5G technology and how does it work?

What is 5G technology and how does it work?

What is 5G in general? The current standard will be replaced by the fifth generation of mobile communications.

The fifth-generation network will be phased in overtime, with the first stage being 5G NR Non-stand-alone, which will utilize the existing 4G LTE eNB network, and the second step being 5G receiving its own frequencies.

A consistent trend emerged during the evolution of mobile communications: each new technology replaced the preceding one every ten years. Yes, the first communication networks debuted in 1980, sophisticated 2G technology was introduced ten years later, a new 3G network was introduced in the early 2000s, and we have been utilizing contemporary 4G technology since 2008. As a result, experts anticipate that the new 5G technology will see a “boom” in 2020.

Massive MIMO is one of the latest 5G technology’s advantages. Multiple antennas are used per receiver in this network. As a result, the data rate and signal quality will considerably improve.
New product lines have been added. LTE networks now operate at frequencies below 3.5 GHz. Higher frequency bands will be used in 5G specifications. We will be able to remove barriers as a result of this, but the transmitters’ power will be increased and the base stations will be distributed more thickly.

Network slicing is the process of dividing a network into slices. This technology will enable mobile carriers to create logically separated networks, each of which will be dedicated to certain purposes such as Internet access, broadband access, video streaming, and so on. As a result, the new generation mobile network will be able to adapt to various applications with more flexibility.
D2D (Double-to-Double (Device-to-device). Data will be sent immediately between devices that are near to each other.

What will the typical user experience change?

Speed. First and foremost, the data transfer rate for mobile network customers will alter. The speed will dramatically increase, allowing you to download Full HD movies and videos in a matter of seconds. Signal latency should be reduced. The signal latency will be reduced to 1 millisecond with 5G. In 4G, a delay of this magnitude can last up to 10 milliseconds.

Wi-Fi is no longer available. When 5G is widely accessible, you won’t need a router since your smartphone, tablet, or laptop will have Internet connectivity at all times and from any location. You’ll have to get a new phone. To utilize the new network, you’ll need a smartphone that supports 5G, as older devices won’t be able to completely recreate the new communication standards.

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